Trade union is an indispensable part of industrial sector in India. Trade unions play constructive role by acting as a pressure group in a capitalism society. In fact trade unions act as an effective platform for the workers class to enjoy their due rights without being exploited. To strengthen the fundamental rights of voiceless working class trade unions are originated. Gradually trade union got recognition from the authority and became a legally approved representation of labor mass.
In India various trade union related Acts and regulations are enacted to empower the working classes. Indian Trade Union Act 1926 is a principal act that provides adequate safeguards to the rights of labor masses. With the rising complexities in trade union affairs the government has enacted several other labor acts and trade union bills to ensure appropriate representation of labor powers.
The Trade Unions Act, 1926 is a fountain head Act in India that provides varied rules and regulation related to trade unions. It has underlined wide range of provisions for the benefit of labor mass. This Act states all modalities related to trade union registration to trade dispute resolution. The Trade Unions Act, 1926 has defined the role of trade unions and also set certain controlling mechanisms. The main aims and objectives of this Act emphasizes on the reciprocal relationship between the employers and employees.
With the advancement of industrialization process, trade union related issues got more complicated and compelled the union government to enact more effective laws and Acts. Apart to the principal Act, nowadays many amendment Acts and laws are enforced to make the trade Unionism more systematic and constructive in approach. Those Acts include: The Indian Trade Unions (Amendment) Act, 1928, 1960, 1964 and The Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970.
Trade Union Acts in India provide effective guidelines for both the trade unions and the industrialists.